Retrocycles: How Indian Throttles Harley

The New York Times: Harley-Davidson “now faces perhaps its most trying challenge in decades. Polaris, an established American company with manufacturing know-how and a revered motorcycle brand in Indian, is quickly making big strides … Indian’s sales grew 17 percent in the second quarter of this year, while Harley’s sales shrank nearly 7 percent. Overall sales for large-displacement bikes, the kind that Harley specializes in, shrank 9 percent in the second quarter of this year.”

“The rebirth started well, with attractive bikes earning positive reviews from enthusiast publications … All Indian motorcycles are built in Spirit Lake, Iowa. While its bikes like the Scout and the just-released Scout Bobber are aimed at younger buyers, most models revel in heritage, with styling and names that hark back to the company’s prewar glory days. They represent, as Karl Brauer of Kelley Blue Book, an auto research firm, put it, ‘a cool theme married to a modern chassis’ and particularly appeal to buyers with a ‘what have you done for me lately’ outlook on brand loyalty.”

“Inevitably, Indian’s retro approach makes the brand a head-to-head competitor for Harley-Davidson, offering bikes in the touring, cruiser and midsize classes as well as the popular bagger category, or bikes carrying saddlebags but not the full windscreen and gear of a long-distance touring machine … To be sure, there is little chance that Indian will run Harley-Davidson out of business anytime soon. Harley’s sales last year, some 260,000 motorcycles worldwide, generated revenue of $6 billion.”

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Cut-Throat: Lidl vs. Walmart, Kroger & Aldi

Axios: The German discount grocer Lidl made its United States debut this June, opening 20 stores in the Carolinas and Virginia just weeks after its compatriot Aldi announced its own expansion plans in the U.S. earlier this year … Lidl entered the market aggressively, with prices in its Winston Salem, NC, store that were 9.1% lower than the local Walmart, according to a study conducted in June by Jefferies analyst Christopher Mandeville. Given those results and Lidl’s ‘enjoyable’ shopping experience, he says Lidl could be ‘highly disruptive’ to incumbents like Walmart.”

“But the tide may be shifting, as it appears Walmart has cut the price differential to just 2%, according to a survey by Oppenheimer that looked at prices roughly a month after Jefferies visited the same locations … Oppenheimer analysts Rupesh Parikh and Erica Eiler write, ‘pricing appears dynamic and cut-throat’ at the Walmart and Lidl locations they visited in Winston Salem. ‘During our visit in the afternoon at Walmart, [a gallon of] milk was priced at $2.08. When we went back in the evening, milk dropped to $1.95. Lidl had its own deals, with a carton of eggs on offer for just 52 cents’.”

“Parikh and Eiler think that Kroger (rather than Walmart) is more threatened by German upstarts. Aldi has been in the U.S. longer than Lidl, and has big plans to become the third-largest grocer in America. But Parikh and Eiler were unimpressed, calling Lidl ‘a bigger and nicer Aldi,’ which had ‘wider aisles, enhanced lighting, and a bit more upscale feel,’ they write … No doubt the grocery shoppers of Winston Salem and other markets are enjoying the ongoing price war.”

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Small Grocers Boost DC Neighborhoods

The Washington Post: “Good Food Markets is just one of a handful of neighborhood grocery stores that have opened across Washington DC recently, part of what appears to be a resurgence of small-scale groceries catering to neighborhood residents — in stark contrast to the trend of disappearing mom-and-pop stores in small towns across the country. Even as more openings are in the pipeline for large retail chains such as Whole Foods and Wegmans, the smaller neighborhood stores are making their mark. By one count, at least six have opened since 2015, and more are in the works.”

“There is a ‘renaissance of the neighborhood,’ said Keith Sellars, president and chief executive of the Washington D.C. Economic Partnership, a nonprofit, ‘and people want services that they can walk to’ as well as ‘convenience on all levels.’ The new corner groceries are part of a broader back-to-the-city movement in parts of the country, said Brett Theodos, a senior research associate in the Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center at the Urban Institute. That trend, Theodos said, is driving demand for a ‘job-rich, transit-rich environment’ and ‘the meeting together of commercial and residential sectors in a way that feels very authentic and vibrant’.”

“Owners of these newer neighborhood grocery markets push back against the idea that their stores, which often stock more expensive, specialty items, price out lower-income consumers and are yet another instance of gentrification. For one thing, many of the new stores have opened in spaces that had stood vacant for some time … at Good Food Markets, the driving mission of the entire business is ‘bringing the overall progress of prosperity and development across the District,’ co-founder Kris Garin said. Good Food Markets intentionally chose to open on Rhode Island Avenue … where close to a quarter of the population are food stamp recipients, said Philip Sambol, the vice president for operations. The goal is to make healthy food accessible to everyone.”

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Cult of Queue: The Thrill of The Wait

The New York Times: “Theolus Jackson slouched against the stanchion separating him from the entrance of Supreme, the streetwear emporium on Lafayette Street in SoHo. He had registered on the company’s website to pick up a ticket assuring him a spot near the head of a line that by 10 a.m. that day spooled around the corner toward Broadway.” He comments: “Most of the time I have my music, so I’m not bothered. I come every week — I like the vibe — and I just chill.”

Jeff Carvalho of Highsnobiety explains: “These kids don’t come to go into the store. They want to be in the line. The line is the new community. When 200 to 300 kids are lining up outside of a store, it’s because they want to be part of something.”

“Today, the queue is partly a resellers’ market: energetic young entrepreneurs snapping up wares in multiples, then flipping them at soaring markups on eBay or selling them for pocket change to finance their own buys … For many others, though, the wait itself is sufficient reward.” Noah Callahan-Bever, the editor of Complex, observes: “The death of the shopping center has created this void in kids’ lives. It’s being filled in part by this society of kids, some known to each other only from the internet, all of them into this niche product that acts as a social identifier. For them, standing in line for a T-shirt or baseball cap is a way of telling the world that you know about something that not everyone is hip to.”

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Supermarket Squeeze: Too Many Stores

The Wall Street Journal: Commercial square footage of retail food space per capita last year set a record, with 4.15 square feet of food retail per person, according to CoStar Group, a commercial real-estate firm, nearly 30 times the amount of space allocated to groceries at major chains in 1950 … Part of the expansion comes from grocers, who accelerated their store openings as a way to drive sales growth after the 2008 recession. At the same time, club chains, dollar stores, pharmacies—and even gas stations—increased their fresh food offerings to drive traffic and boost profits.”

“The food-retail sector has become even more saturated at a time when competition is only getting fiercer, particularly at the two ends of the shopping spectrum. Growing European deep-discounters Aldi and Lidl are vying for U.S. market share, hoping their prices will win over the budget-conscious shopper while internet companies like Amazon.com Inc. are trying to lure higher-income grocery shoppers online. Regional supermarkets and conventional ones such as Kroger Co. and Albertsons Cos. are the most likely to get squeezed in the process, according to analysts.”

“While about 37% of sales of consumable items such as food and beverages still take place at traditional supermarkets, with the sector posting more than $440 billion in sales last year, it was a 6% drop from 2015, according to Inmar Willard Bishop Analytics. Meanwhile, convenience stores sold $73 billion worth of prepared foods, beverages and other food service last year, up 72% from 2010, according to the National Association of Convenience Stores. Two-thirds of sales at dollar stores come from food, beverages and other consumables, while they account for about a third of transactions at pharmacies.”

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Uniqlo Tries Airport Vending Machines

Quartz: “Heattech tops and UltraLight down jackets are two of Uniqlo’s big sellers, items that represent the brand’s style of simple but highly functional clothes. And now they’ll be sold in one of retail’s simplest and most functional of venues: vending machines … The machines will have a variety of colors and styles for women and men, changing with the seasons and local customer needs, and dispensed upon purchase in small boxes or canisters. The airport locations are especially fitting for the brand’s signature thermals and jackets, which are designed to be thin but warm and easily packable.”

“Uniqlo’s vending machines … are more of an experiment, offering a cheap, efficient way to introduce the brand and its down jackets ($69.90 in the vending machines) and Heattech tops ($14.90) to a new audience … They can also give Uniqlo insight on US consumers, which Uniqlo has been trying to reach—not always successfully—for years. In urban centers such as New York, the brand has found a firm foothold, but it has struggled to get traction in suburban malls.”

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The Killer Instinct: How Men Shop

The Washington Post: A new survey by Men’s Health magazine “found that 84 percent of men are now the primary grocery shoppers in their households, marking a 19 percent increase from a decade ago … It is worth noting that Men’s Health surveyed only men. Other surveys of both men and women have concluded that women continue to do slightly more of the country’s food-buying: NPD Group, for example, estimates that men are the primary grocery shoppers in 41 percent of U.S. households, while market research firm VideoMining puts that figure at about 49 percent of shoppers.”

“In any case, there is mounting evidence that more men are shopping for groceries than in previous generations. The reasons for those shifts are twofold, experts say. Gender roles are shifting, which means men are taking on more household responsibilities. And Americans are increasingly putting off marriage … And it doesn’t hurt that ‘there’s a younger generation of man who’s actively interested in food,’ said Paco Underhill, chief executive of Envirosell.”

“But there are still pronounced differences in how men and women approach grocery shopping … Case in point: Women are most likely to buy 12-packs of beer, while men typically buy six-packs, according to Underhill.” He comments: “Men tend to be hunters: They want to kill something quickly, drag it out and feel successful. Women, though, they’re thinking ahead and planning accordingly.”

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Fake Music: How Spotify Pads Profits

Ben Fritz: “As anyone who has used Spotify knows, popular playlists are often featured when you open the app, above recommendations based on what you’ve listened to. So what’s the problem? Reports in the New York Times and elsewhere suggest that Spotify may have special deals with so-called ‘fake artists,’ paying them less than the standard share of its revenue that goes to Arcade Fire or Beyonce for each play … Listen to whatever you want, in other words, but might we suggest these appetizing options that carry a better profit margin for us?”

“Netflix also highlights its own shows first: “The more that people watch Netflix originals, of course, the more the company can control its own destiny rather than engaging in sometimes-difficult negotiations to buy content from other studios and networks.”

“You probably don’t care about ‘fake artists’ on Spotify for the same reason other recording artists and record labels do: Because they worry they’ll make less money. But just as it’s important to know who owns your favorite newspaper or who contributes money to your elected officials, you should care about what Spotify and other streaming services would like you to hear or watch. Because it may be the songs and videos that make them more money, not the ones you’re most likely to enjoy.”

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$1,400 iPhone & The Veblen Effect

Christopher Mims: “The launch of a pricey new iPhone has big implications for Apple’s financials, and it also bodes well for Apple’s continued dominance in mobile phones. Here are five reasons for Apple to go big, price-wise:” 1 Halo Effect: “An ultraexpensive edition of the iPhone makes sense as a shot in the arm for the whole brand … 2 Crazy New Tech: A big reason companies have halo products is that they give them a way to test new technologies.” 3 Supply & Demand: “If Apple’s high-end iPhone is aimed at a new segment—people willing to pay more than $1,000 for a phone—Apple can charge whatever it likes to balance supply and demand for the device, rather than worrying about whether increasing the price will hurt its overall market share.”

4 Average Selling Price: “With a phone priced upward of $1,400, Apple would have the opportunity to move the single most important metric on its balance sheet: the average selling price of a new iPhone.” 5 The Veblen Effect: “The final reason a pricey iPhone makes sense is that, paradoxically, the more expensive Apple makes the device, the more people will lust after it. Conspicuous consumption was first described in ‘The Theory of the Leisure Class’ by the economist and sociologist Thorstein Veblen, who singled out products that, contrary to logic, sold better when their prices went up.”

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Aldi Conquers With Cromwell Gin

Business Insider: “The £9.97 Oliver Cromwell London Dry Gin from Aldi won a gold medal at the International Wine and Spirits Competition (IWSC) this week. In doing so, the budget retailer’s gin beat bottles costing up to four times the price in the blind taste test.”

“A spokesperson at the International Spirits Challenge said: “The display of awards achieved by Aldi this year at the International Spirits Challenge was fantastic. They consistently showcased high quality products in the blind tastings, which demonstrates that you don’t have to compromise on price to enjoy great tasting drinks.”

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